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Involuntary loss of urine during athletics is more common than you thought

Athletic incontinence is a type of stress incontinence that happens during an athletic event. Stress incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine due to a pressure or force like coughing, sneezing or jumping. When most people think of urinary incontinence they do not usually picture young athletes, however it is surprisingly common.

A study of young, elite athletes found 43% experienced urinary leakage while participating in their sport. The study also investigated which sports had higher incidences of incontinence:

  • gymnastics 56%
  • ballet 43%
  • aerobics 40%
  • badminton 31%
  • volleyball 30%
  • athletics 25%
  • handball 21%
  • basketball 17%
    (Thyssen et al., 2002)

The pelvic floor is a group of voluntary muscles; One of its many jobs is to keep us continent for urine and stool. Some other actions of the pelvic floor is to support the pelvic organs, sexual pleasure, stability (as part of the core) and lymphatic flow. These muscles work in unison with the diaphragm and supporting muscles of the spine. Given the many jobs of the pelvic floor it is not uncommon for many women to find that they may have more than one dysfunction in the pelvic floor. Some additional symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction are pelvic pressure/prolapse, pelvic pain, urinary frequency, dyspareunia (pain with intercourse), low back or pelvic pain.

In another study of 106 female athletes also found a similar incidence of urinary incontinence of 41.5%. In this study they found 0% of the athletes had reported incontinence to their medical providers (Jácome et al., 2011). The focus group revealed that the athletes believed urine loss to be a normal condition and unrelated to their sport. Another study found that many of these athletes did not report incontinence due to fear, anxiety and embarrassment.

This type of incontinence may stem from pelvic floor muscles that are either too tight, weak, uncoordinated or any combination of these. If you are experiencing athletic/stress incontinence the best way to know which one may be affecting you is to see a pelvic floor physical therapist. They will evaluate which particular impairment is at the root of your incontinence and develop a customized treatment plan. Contact us for an in-office or telehealth session in California (or virtual consultation worldwide) to personalize your treatment plan.



Jácome, C., Oliveira, D., Marques, A., & Sá-Couto, P. (2011). Prevalence and impact of urinary incontinence among female athletes. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 114(1), 60–63. doi:10.1016/j.ijgo.2011.02.004

Thyssen, H. H., Clevin, L., Olesen, S., & Lose, G. (2002). Urinary Incontinence in Elite Female Athletes and Dancers. International Urogynecology Journal, 13(1), 15–17. doi:10.1007/s001920200003

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What Our Patients Have to Say


Testimonial by Rosanna R., age 35

Heather has affected my life in the MOST POSITIVE way and I am forever grateful. My husband refers to her as the "sex doctor" so you can only imagine how happy he is with my therapy outcome.

After the birth of my son I suffered from "Vaginismus", however, at the time I just thought I was broken. My "broken vagina" affected me physically but it was an emotional struggle as well. Many women in my life also suffered with pain from sex after their babies were born so I knew I wasn't alone. They told me they "just got used to it" but I couldn't see myself living that way.

Sex wasn't just painful, it was literally impossible - IT DIDNT FIT!

Read more: Testimonial by Rosanna R.,...

Testimonial by Y.L. (mom of 2)

After having my second baby via C-section I searched for months to try to find help for my lower back pain and separated abdominal muscles. I finally came across Heather Jeffcoat via a mommy blog. I reached out to her via email and set my first appointment. My first appointment went amazing … she listened to what my symptoms, check my separation and explained to me in detail what the next steps would be. Not only did my abdominal separation go from 3 to about 1 -1/2 but my back has pain has significantly reduced. I’m personally recommending all my mommy friends to Heather!

Y.L. (mom of 2)

Testimonial by T.C.

While pregnant with my twins, Heather took care with keeping me on my feet and pain free. She saved my back, my sanity and the holidays! I would recommend her to every “mom” looking to stay on her feet during pregnancy and post-partum.

-- T.C.

Testimonial by Mary L.

I started seeing Heather to treat my Interstitial Cystitis in November 2016. At this time, I was extremely miserable, in constant pain, and felt as though no one was listening or understood what was going on with my body. I have just finished my last appointment and I can honestly say that my life has completely changed for the better because of Heather and her team of PTs! I live almost completely pain free, and when I do have flare ups, I am able to treat them at home on my own. I am so grateful that this office was recommended to me a honestly cannot recommend them enough!

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Testimonial by S.P., Age 26

I would like to start off by thanking Heather Jeffcoat for educating me and curing me of Vaginismus. I had been married for almost three years before I was referred to Heather. I never knew about Vaginismus until almost three years into my marriage. I knew something was wrong when I went on my honeymoon and came back a Virgin. I had always imagined how magical my first night would be but boy was I wrong.

Read more: Testimonial by S.P., Age 26

Testimonial by Amanda W.

Heather's unique physical therapy program literally changed my life! After years of struggling with vaginismus, a condition that made it impossible for me to have intercourse and very difficult to use tampons without pain, a gynecologist referred me to Heather. I was nervous for my first appointment, but Heather's professional and friendly demeanor put me at ease. She did a great job explaining each technique she was using to help my muscles relax. Heather uses a combination of internal and external stretches and exercises to relax the pelvic floor and build muscle strength. Her specially developed home program helped me quickly recover from an issue that seemed insurmountable before meeting Heather. She was optimistic about my progress and incredibly encouraging. Less than 6 months after my first session, I was able to have pain-free sex for the first time in my life! If you are suffering from vaginismus or any other pelvic floor issues, I highly recommend making an appointment with Heather and reading her book!

-- Amanda W., 2/15/16 via Yelp!

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